|Womon collect USAID food aid from the distribution center|
|Youth being taught about cassava growing|
Food security is defined as a situation where all people, at all times, in a given community, district or country, have access to sufficient food to meet their nutritional needs for a healthy and productive life (FAO, 1996). Food insecurity exists when people do not have physical, social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Vulnerability is a result of exposure to risk factors and of underlying socio-economic processes, which can reduce the capacity of population to cope with those risks (WFP, 2006).
|Farmers involved in peanut butter processing|
In Uganda, agriculture is based on smallholder farmers: the three million rural households that earn a livelihood from agriculture have access to an average of three hectares each. The main staple food crops that smallholders grow comprise maize, millet, sorghum and starchy banana (known as Matooke). Important cash crops are coffee, tobacco, cotton, tea, oil seeds, fruits and flowers. The majority of Uganda’s smallholder farmers, however, are self-employed and have a distinct subsistence orientation (Bahiigwa, 1999).